World Zoonosis Day was celebrated on July 6th to commemorate the work of French biologist Louis Pasteur who successfully vaccinated against rabies (a zoonotic disease).
Zoonotic diseases, also known as Zoonotic diseases, Is caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi that spread between animals and humans.according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, More than 6 out of 10 known human infectious diseases can be transmitted by animals. It is estimated that out of every 4 new or emerging human infectious diseases, 3 come from animals.
COVID-19 is one of many zoonotic diseases faced by humans for generations. The most recent pandemic was preceded by zoonotic diseases such as Ebola, SARS, Middle East respiratory syndrome, HIV, Lyme disease, Rift Valley fever and Lassa fever.
There are different ways of spreading zoonotic diseases:
contact directly: Direct contact includes contact with saliva, blood, urine, mucus, feces or other body fluids of an infected animal.It may come from scratches, bites, or contact with animals
Indirect connection: If a person comes into contact with an area where animals live and roam, the infection can also spread. This also includes objects and surfaces contaminated with animal bacteria.
Carrier spread: Infections can be spread by vectors such as ticks or insects such as mosquitoes.
Foodborne: Zoonotic diseases can also be spread through unpasteurized milk, undercooked meat or eggs, or raw fruits and vegetables contaminated with the feces of infected animals.
Water: Drinking water contaminated by infected animal feces or water in contact with feces can also spread zoonotic diseases.
Although zoonotic diseases can affect anyone, including healthy people, some people are more susceptible to infection. Children under 5, pregnant women, people with weakened immune systems, and adults over 65 are considered susceptible to zoonotic diseases.
Taking simple measures, such as washing your hands with soap and water, using hand sanitizer, etc., will help prevent the spread of bacteria when you are with animals. Avoiding animal bites and scratches can also help protect yourself and your family from zoonotic diseases.
A kind report According to the United Nations Environment Programme, the growth of humans and their activities has brought humans closer to diseases carried by animals. The report also proposed possible solutions to this problem. This includes tackling climate change, ending overexploitation of wildlife and other natural resources, sustainable farming, reversing land degradation, and protecting the health of ecosystems.