Canada’s temperature hit a record high.
For several counties in the northern hemisphere, June is an unusually hot month. Since Friday, June 25, the Canadian province of British Columbia has recorded at least 486 sudden deaths due to the temperature soaring to nearly 50°C.
In the United States, continuous heat waves bend highways and melt wires.
The so-called “thermal dome”, in which high pressure traps heat, is blamed on excessive temperature.
On June 29, the temperature in Lytton, a small town about 200 kilometers away from Vancouver, reached 49.6°C, the highest temperature ever recorded in the country. Schools, universities and vaccination centers across the province are closed.
South of the border of Oregon, the city of Portland set a record high of 46.6°C, breaking the record high of 41.6°C set for the first time in 1965.
Kuwait-the hottest place on earth in 2021
On June 22, Nuwaiseeb in Kuwait City recorded the world’s highest temperature so far this year, reaching 53.2°C.
In neighboring Iraq, the temperature reached 51.6°C on July 1, 2021, followed by Omidiyeh in Iran, with the highest temperature recorded so far of 51°C.
Several other Middle Eastern countries, including the UAE, Oman and Saudi Arabia, had temperatures above 50°C in June 2021.
The bay is known for its hot and humid climate, with summer temperatures often exceeding 40°C.
The highest temperature on record
The map below shows the hottest temperature ever recorded in every country in the world. At least 23 countries have recorded maximum temperatures of 50°C or above.
Currently, the highest formal The temperature recorded in Death Valley, California in 1913 was 56.7°C.
The hottest known temperature in Africa is 55°C recorded in Kebili, Tunisia in 1931.
Iran maintains the highest official temperature in Asia of 54°C, which it recorded in 2017.
Seymour Island, Antarctica in 2020 recording The maximum temperature is 20.7°C. According to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the temperature of the Antarctic Peninsula has risen by nearly 3°C (5.4F) in the past 50 years.
How to measure temperature
The temperature you see on the news or the weather app on your phone depends on the network of weather stations located around the world.
To ensure accurate readings, the weather station uses a professional platinum resistance thermometer, placed in a shaded instrument called Stevenson screen 1.25-2 meters above the ground.
There are two well-known scales for measuring temperature: Celsius and Fahrenheit.
Only a few countries/regions use Fahrenheit as their official scale, the most famous being the United States.
Other parts of the world use the Celsius scale named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius, who invented the 0-100 degree freezing point and boiling point scale in 1742.
The world is getting hotter
A kind report A study released by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Research (GISS) found that the global average surface temperature of the Earth in 2020 will be the same as 2016, making it the hottest year on record.
Gavin Schmidt, Director of GISS, said: “The past seven years have been the hottest seven years on record and represent a continuous and dramatic warming trend. Whether a year sets a record is not that important-what matters is the long-term trend. With these Trends and the increasing impact of humans on the climate, we have to expect that records will continue to be broken.”