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Does climate change put the future of coffee at risk?

Does climate change put the future of coffee at risk?

photo: Gareth Rees On Pexels

Our early brewing future is risky. Rising global temperatures and increasingly extreme and unpredictable weather patterns are threatening the livelihoods of coffee farmers around the world, the researchers warned International Institute of Climate and Society (IRI) and fair Trade.

These two organizations will be Empty cup: Climate change and a future without coffee — A virtual group event scheduled to be held during the African Fair Trade Convention in Nairobi, Kenya at 14:00 CEST on June 25. The event included leading researchers from IRI, climate and environmental experts from Fair Trade and Fair Trade Africa, and coffee farmers from Kenya’s Fair Trade Certified Kipkelion Alliance. They will discuss the relationship between climate change and social justice in the world coffee industry The relationship between the industry and the needs of consumers, the industry and legislators can make impact changes. Register here.

“Coffee is a demanding and highly sensitive commodity. Fairtrade Global CEO Nyagoy Nyong’o explained that coffee crops are very responsive to changes in weather. “The economic and trade impacts of the coffee market are linked to the unpredictable effects of climate change. Combined with the impact, we have a concern for coffee growers and coffee consumers. The future of coffee is in jeopardy. “

“Although coffee is not a food crop, its production income plays an important role in the food security of many communities.” — IRI Director John Furlow

From the local cafe to your private pantry, we can easily get a cup of coffee every day, which is deceptive. In fact, anything about coffee is not particularly easy, especially in the face of climate variability and change. For example, in Mexico, changing weather patterns and rising temperatures make coffee susceptible to leaf rust. In an outbreak in 2012, the fungus destroyed approximately 40% of the coffee crops of affected producers. Nearly 10 years later, this fungus continues to pose a serious challenge to farmers’ livelihoods. In Africa, rising temperatures mean that coffee growers must increasingly cope with pest outbreaks, prolonged droughts or sudden heavy rains-all of which can destroy or reduce their harvests.

“International prices do not reflect the full economic, social and environmental costs of climate change for coffee production, fail to provide farmers with a fair income, and damage the quality of life for them and their communities,” said Juan Pablo So, a senior climate consultant. Said Juan Pablo Solís. fair Trade. “In recent years, the price of coffee has been far below the minimum fair trade price, and it can’t even cover the production cost.”

However, Solís added that the future of coffee is “not completely bleak”.

In June 2021, Fairtrade announced a new climate guide that draws on the experience of 8,500 farmers who participated in the Fairtrade Climate Academy in Kenya and aims to convey important insights on climate change adaptation and mitigation for coffee farmers around the world.TonClimate Academy Guide Provides information on coffee farmers that can be adapted to different geographic locations, including best farm practices such as soil and water management, waste management, energy use, coffee tree management, and farm forestry.

“From the work done by Fair Trade through its Climate Leadership Academy to the recently released guidelines for the Climate Academy, we can work with coffee farmers as they adapt to climate change and mitigate its impact,” Solis concluded.

IRI researchers understand that improving the climate resilience of global smallholder coffee production may be an important food security strategy.

“Although coffee is not a food crop, its production income plays an important role in the food security of many communities,” said IRI Director John Flo. “This is why we are cooperating with national partners in Colombia, Guatemala, Ethiopia and Vietnam to provide smallholder coffee growers with better and useful climate information and services, integrating the economic, protective and demographic aspects of coffee production.”

For example, as part of IRI’s “Today’s Agriculture Adapts to Today’s Climate, For Tomorrow” (Action today) Project, researchers are developing a digital consulting tool that can provide climate information for specific locations and the economic consequences of adopting specific practices.

“Models and predictions based on global warming paths and scenarios provide long-term prospects,” IRI research scientist and team member J. Nicolas Hernandez-Aguilera on June 25 event. “However, it is not clear how these models are related to farmers’ decisions. Our digital consulting tools allow us to translate and exchange information in a context that farmers can understand and relevant, including how the climate affects their pockets.”

About Fair Trade International

Fair trade changes the way trade works through better prices, decent working conditions, and fairer deals for farmers and workers in developing countries.

Fairtrade International is an independent non-profit organization representing 1.7 million smallholder farmers and workers worldwide. It has the FAIRTRADE logo, which is a registered trademark of Fairtrade and appears on more than 30,000 products. In addition to certification, Fairtrade International and its member organizations empower producers, work with companies, attract consumers, and advocate for a fair and sustainable future.

About the International Institute for Climate and Society

The International Climate and Society Research Institute (IRI) is part of the Earth Institute of Columbia University. It aims to improve society’s ability to understand, predict, and manage climate impacts to improve human well-being and the environment, especially in developing countries. From environmental monitoring and Foreseeing the development of climate services for agriculture, public health and water resources, IRI and its partners are focusing on opportunities to build the ability to incorporate climate information into regional planning and decision-making.

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